A Brief History of Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the study and application of extremely small particles of naturally occurring elements at the molecular level. It’s a field that has its roots in a lecture given on December 29, 1959 by Richard Phillip Feynman to the American Physical Society. That lecture, titled “There’s Plenty of Room at The Bottom”, addressed the topic of miniaturization, and the problems that would arise from trying to manipulate and control things on such a small scale. The word nanotechnology wasn’t used in this lecture, since it didn’t exist until about 1975. However, nanotechnology and nanoscience were born that night in 1959.

Not much happened in the field of nanotechnology until 1981, for good reason: the technology required to view objects at the molecular level hadn’t been invented yet. Between 1986 and 1990 two technological advancements gave scientists the tools they needed to begin rapidly advancing the study of nanotechnology: the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (ATM). These two microscopes enabled scientists to observe individual atoms and molecules at the nanoscale, which is how nanoparticles are measured.

The Nanoscale

“The main thing to know about nanotechnology is that it is small – really small. Nano, a prefix that means ‘dwarf’ in Greek, is shorthand for nanometer, one-billionth of a meter.”1 To give you some frame of reference as to the actual size of a nanometer, picture this:

  • A human hair is between 80,000 – 100,000 nanometers wide.
  • A sheet of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick.
  • If a marble is one nanometer, then the earth would be one meter.

To qualify as a nanoparticle, molecules must measure between 1 and 100 nanometers. Between these sizes, natural elements exhibit behaviors and characteristics quite different from their normal states. That’s the beauty of nanotechnology; when naturally occurring elements are broken down to their smallest size, they act completely different, creating a whole new world of nanotechnology products.

How We Utilize Nanotechnology
At XG Industries, we’ve been researching and manufacturing nanoparticle-infused lubricants for over five years. All our nanotechnology products are created for specific functions, and every product is researched, developed and tested for maximum effectiveness, durability, and sustainability. All the nanoparticles we use measure less than 100 nanometers, and we use different combinations of nanoparticles for different nanotechnology products.

Once we’ve identified the right combination of nanoparticles to produce a desired result, those particles are suspended in bio-synthetic, non-toxic base oils to lubricate, protect, and clean everything you use in your home, garage, and vehicles. Our nanoparticles fill in microscopic cracks in the surface of metal, creating smoother, slicker surfaces. Smoother surfaces reduce friction, prevent rust, and eliminate squeaks, while cutting down wear and tear and adding years to the life of your tools, sporting equipment, and household items.

Our nanotechnology products are all non-toxic and 100% eco-friendly. The nanoparticles we use are naturally occurring elements and our base oils are various combinations of vegetable, algae, and synthetic oils. There are no petroleum distillates or chlorinated paraffin’s in any of our products. XG products are all “Garage Tough, Household Safe.”

1Kahn, Jennifer. “Welcome To the World of Nanotechnology.” National Geographic June 2006: Print.

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